citizen 1 *inhabitant, resident, denizen
Contrasted words: *stranger, outsider
2 Citizen, subject, national are comparable when denoting a person who is regarded as a member of a sovereign state, entitled to its protection, and subject to its laws.
Citizen implies alien as its opposite. It is applicable to a native or naturalized person, regardless of sex or age, who owes allegiance to a government and is entitled to its protection of his life, liberty, and property at home or abroad. Ordinarily (as in the United States) citizenship does not imply possession of all political rights (as the right to vote). Citizen often implies allegiance to a government in which the sovereign power (theoretically or absolutely) is retained by the people; it is usually the preferred term in designating those persons in a republic whose status is not that of aliens

American citizens living in Mexico


all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside— U. S. Constitution

Subject is applicable to a person, no matter where he resides, who by right of birth or naturalization owes allegiance to a personal sovereign (as a king or emperor) whether this sovereign rules directly or is a figurehead in whose name an often representative government is conducted; thus, subject is the preferred term in the British Commonwealth of Nations largely for historical reasons in spite of the limitations on the power of the sovereign and in spite of the representative form of gov-ernment in Great Britain and in its dominions

British subjects living in the United States


the millions of subjects of Queen Elizabeth

The term is also applicable to any person residing in territory governed by another state that has gained power over it by force of arms or by conquest, whether the sovereign power in that state is vested in a person or in the people

the line of distinction between the citizen and the subject, the free and the subjugated races— Taney

National belongs with this group of terms in spite of its shifting significance and more or less conflicting implications. It is applicable chiefly to any of a body of persons of the same nation or people living in a country other than the one in which they have or have had the status of citizen or subject. In diplomatic use the term is often applied to one's fellow countrymen

the consul in each of the large cities is responsible for protecting the rights of his own nationals

Still other denotations, not so common, have come into use. Chief among these is the definition of a national as anyone who has been born in the territory of a given government, even though he now resides in another country, either as an alien or, by natural-ization, as a citizen or subject of that country

some European governments claim authority over their nationals in North and South America

There is also a tendency to prefer national to subject or citizen in some countries where the sovereign power is not clearly vested in a monarch or ruler or in the people or where theories of racism prevail. In some use, especially in international law, national is applied to anyone entitled to the protection of a government regardless of whether his status is that of citizen or not; in this sense, the Filipinos were formerly nationals, though never citizens, of the United States.
Antonyms: alien
Contrasted words: foreigner (see STRANGER)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Citizen V — Citizen V, is the codename of several fictional superheroes in the Marvel Comics universe. The original Citizen V was an obscure hero from the Golden Age of Comic Books, but the character s identity was revived in the modern day in the pages of… …   Wikipedia

  • citizen — cit·i·zen n [Anglo French citezein, alteration of Old French citeien, from cité city] 1: a native or naturalized individual who owes allegiance to a government (as of a state or nation) and is entitled to the enjoyment of governmental protection… …   Law dictionary

  • Citizen — Holdings Co., Ltd. Тип …   Википедия

  • Citizen AA — Citizen Full name Citizen Football Club Nickname(s) Flat Bags Founded 1968 …   Wikipedia

  • Citizen — (von engl. citizen, lat. civis, „Bürger“) steht für: einen japanischen Uhren und Uhrwerkehersteller, siehe Citizen Watch einen japanischen Hersteller im Bereich Mikrotechnologie (Uhren, Elektronische Bauteile, Elektronische Produkte,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Citizen FM — (auch Citizen Radio) war ein kommerziell betriebener Hörfunksender im westafrikanischen Staat Gambia. Der Sender wurde 1996 von Baboucarr Gaye gegründet und sendete Nachrichten in verschiedenen Sprachen wie Mandinka und Wolof, die in Gambia und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Citizen AA — Voller Name The Citizen Athletic Association Ort Hong Kong Gegründet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Citizen — Cit i*zen, a. 1. Having the condition or qualities of a citizen, or of citizens; as, a citizen soldiery. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a city; characteristic of citizens; effeminate; luxurious. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • citizen — [sit′ə zən, sit′əsən] n. [ME & Anglo Fr citizein, altered (? infl. by denizen) < OFr citeain < cité: see CITY; CITIZEN sense 3 infl. by use of Fr citoyen during the Fr Revolution] 1. Historical a native or inhabitant, esp. a freeman or… …   English World dictionary

  • Citizen X — Directed by Chris Gerolmo Produced by Timothy Marx Robert Stone Webster Stone Written by Robert Cullen Chris Gerolmo Starring …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.